Coastal recharge to enable potable reuse in Atlantis, South Africa

The town of Atlantis (South Africa) practices indirect water recycling, of which artificial groundwater recharge forms a major component, for almost 40 years. The Atlantis groundwater scheme provides a cost-effective water supply option in conjunction with strict management controls. The importation of limited quantities of low salinity surface water enhanced the viability of the recharge scheme and also allowed the utilization of slightly more saline groundwater. The introduction of ion-exchange for water softening and partial desalination in 1986 further enhanced the scheme, even allowing the possible export of potable water to other residential areas. Currently, an in-situ iron removal pilot plant is being constructed to deal with iron fouling on the abstraction borehole screens.

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Further reading

Indirect potable reuse schema at Atlantis, South Africa, including pre-treatment before and post-treatment after artificial recharge.